Coffee and coffeehouses have never ceased to be a matter of discussion since their first occurrence. This book focuses on coffee and coffeehouses at the end of the 17th century, Count Luigi Ferdinando Marsigli's life and his essay on coffee. It examines the social, political, economic and spatial transformation starting with the emergence of coffee and coffeehouses, specific to their occurrence in the Ottoman-Istanbul. It continues with the interesting life of Count Luigi Ferdinando Marsigli from Bologna. His works on his interaction with Ottoman culture, military, geography and officials are stated in the final chapter.